HMCo #289p Dianthus

P00289_Dianthus.jpg

Particulars

Construction_Record_Title.jpgName: Dianthus
Later Name(s): Dianthus SP-639 (1917-1918), Hel-Lu-A (ca1940-), Dianthus (ca1971)
Type: Power yacht
Designed by: NGH
Contract: 1912-5
Launch: 1912-11-21
LOA: 65' 0" (19.81m)
LWL: 61' 6" (18.75m)
Beam: 17' 0" (5.18m)
Draft: 4' 0" (1.22m)
Displ.: 60.0 short tons (54.4 metric tons)
Propulsion: Gasoline, Premier, 2 engines; 6 cyl. 4 1/2" x 5 1/4" 2 [engines]
Propeller: Diameter 30", Pitch 42", 4 bl. twin #3688 R.H. #9594 L.H. [2 propellers]
Built for: Herreshoff, J. B.
Note(s) in HMCo Construction Record: J. B. Herreshoff
Last reported: 1971 (aged 59)

See also:
#191302ep [Power Tender for #289p Dianthus] (1913)

Note(s): Vessel information is primarily but not exclusively from the HMCo Construction Record. Supplementary information when not cited here usually appears elsewhere in this record with a complete citation.
"In the absence of better available data displacement was estimated by using the figure for Gross Register Tons (60) from the 1915 List of Merchant Vessels of the U.S. (Net Register Tons were reported as 38) and converting to lbs by dividing through 2000 (short tons). Note that this figure can only be a rough estimate because register tons as reported in Yacht Registers correlate only loosely with actual displacement figures." (Source: van der Linde, Claas. March 17, 2015.)


Model

Model #21

Model number: 21
Model location: H.M.M. Model Room East Wall

Vessels from this model:
3 built, modeled by NGH
#289p Dianthus (1912)
#299p Helianthus II (1916)
#369p Sunflower (1919)

Original text on model:
"#289 Scale 1/2" May 1912 completed July 1913 DIANTHUS
299 Scale 1/2" July 1918 HELIANTHUS (second)
January 1919 for J.P. Crozer." (Source: Original handwritten annotation on model. Undated.)

Model Description:
"#289 Dianthus, 65' power cruiser of 1912. Also #299 Helianthus II of 1918 and, with modifications, #369 Sunflower, houseboat of 1919." (Source: Bray, Maynard. 2004.)

Note: Vessels that appear in the records as not built, a cancelled contract, a study model, or as a model sailboat are listed but not counted in the list of vessels built from a model.


Offsets

Offset booklet number(s): HH.4.42

Offset booklet contents:
#289, #299, #369 [motor yacht Dianthus, Helianthus II, Sunflower].


Source: Hasselbalch, Kurt with Frances Overcash and Angela Reddin. Guide to The Haffenreffer-Herreshoff Collection. Francis Russell Hart Nautical Collections, MIT Museum, Cambridge, Mass., 1997, p. 32-43.

Raw Offset Info Database Entry

Microfilm Reel No. (Hart Nautical Offset Info): HAFH.4.3B
Box No. (Hart Nautical Offset Info): HAFH.4.3B
Acc. No. (Hart Nautical Offset Info): HH.4.42
Vessel Descr. (Hart Nautical Offset Info): #289, #299, #369 [motor yacht Dianthus, Helianthus II, Sunflower]

Text

Nathanael G. Herreshoff

"[Copyright-restricted content.]" (Source: Herreshoff, Nathanael G. Diary, 1912 to 1913. Manuscript (excerpts). Access courtesy of Halsey C. Herreshoff.)

Other Contemporary Text Source(s)

"BRISTOL, R I, July 13 [1912] --- The new composite power yacht [Dianthus #289p] for John B. Herreshoff and the barge [#291p] for Admiral Cameron McRae Winslow of the United States Navy, under construction at the Herreshoff shops, are ready for planking." (Source: Anon. "Bristol Notes." Boston Globe, July 14, 1912, p. 49.)

"BRISTOL, R I, Nov 21 [1912] --- A new power yacht, 62 feet in length, was launched this forenoon at the Herreshoff shops and was given a trial spin in Bristol Harbor in the afternoon. The boat, unnamed as yet, is the property of John B. Herreshoff.
In the trial spin the craft, under full speed of two 60-horsepower gasoline engines, gave satisfaction to the owner at the rate of 15 miles an hour. The boat has a fair-sized cabin, crew quarters, engine room and galley. It will be laid up in the yard for the Winter." (Source: Anon. "Power Boat Launched. Herreshoff Craft Given Trial Spin in Bristol, R I, Harbor." Boston Globe, November 22, 1912, p. 6.)

"A new power yacht for John B. Herreshoff was launched from the Herreshoff yard Thursday [November 21, 1912]. In a trial spin the craft made 15 miles an hour with a 60-horse power engine. It will be laid up in the yard for the winter." (Source: Anon. "Notes from the Week's Log." Boston Globe, November 24, 1912, p. 60.)

"BRISTOL, R I, Nov 30 [1912] --- ... The new power yacht of 50 feet for John B. Herreshoff, recently launched, had a series of speed and endurance trials last Wednesday when the craft averaged 14 miles an hour. The boat is 62 feet in length and is equipped with two 60-horsepower gasoline engines. ..." (Source: Anon. "Bristol Notes." Boston Globe, December 1, 1912, p. 51.)

"John B. Herreshoff's new 60-foot power yacht Dianthus way given a trial spin Tuesday [July 22, 1913] in the harbor and developed a speed of 12 1/2 miles an hour." (Source: Anon. "Bristol and Vicinity." Bristol Phoenix, July 29, 1913, p. 8.)

"BRISTOL R I, Aug 2 [1913] ---John B. Herreshoff's power yacht Helianthus, built last Winter, was given a trial over the Herreshoff measured course in lower Narragansett Bay last Tuesday and showed a speed or 12 1/2 miles an hour. The Helianthus is a craft of 60 feet in length, with a beam of 16 feet, and corresponding high freeboards. ..." [Note: The article is apparently a reference to #289p Dianthus built for J. B. Herreshoff and not to #288p Helianthus I which had been built for N.G. Herreshoff and was considerably narrower than 16 feet and apparently was already in commission in the second half of 1912.] (Source: Anon. "Bristol Notes." Boston Globe, August 3, 1913, p. 35.)

"A New York yachtsman has purchased the houseboat Dianthus, owned by John B. Herreshoff, and the craft will be taken to Chesapeake Bay the coming spring." (Source: Anon. "Bristol and Vicinity." Bristol Phoenix, January 12, 1915, p. 2.)

"... John B. Herreshoff has sold his power cruiser Dianthus to William Crozier [sic, i.e. John P. Crozer] of New York. The Dianthus is only two years old, having been built in 1913, and is 65 feet overall, 61 feet 6 inches water line, and 17 feet 6 inches beam. ..." (Source: Anon. "Yachts and Yachtsmen." Boston Daily Globe, January 17, 1915, p. 52.)

"... John P. Crozer ... has purchased of John B. Herreshoff the cruising power boat Dianthus. ..." (Source: Anon. "Notes from the Week's Log." Boston Globe, May 2, 1915, p. 61.)

"Having given an example of what may be termed a successful gear-reduction installation --- that is, judging by results obtained --- we will now proceed to show the reason for our introductory remarks regarding the necessity for careful design and construction, by giving a few details of another yacht, but with which the reduction gear was not considered a success. At the outset we will say that the power plant was not made by the builders of the machinery of Florence IV [previously discussed in this article], and so far as we can trace the makers of the engines of Dianthus, as the yacht is named, are not in the regular marine motor industry.
Secondly, we will say in due fairness that we understand the original engines and reduction gearing were removed after a single trial trip. Now, unless some very radical troubles immediately developed, it seems to our engineering sense that such a short testing period was hardly sufficient to warrant so rapid a removal and that the engines hardly have been tuned-up to the pitch where they would give their best results; also that apparently no allowances were made for minor changes in the design, which might have removed many of the troubles or faults. There also is the likely possibility of incorrect propellers having been used. Of course, this is only our assumption, as specific data is not available at the moment, and naturally we should not care to pass any definite judgment on merely what we assume to be the case. But in any event, it goes to prove our contention that gear reduction drive with marine internal-combustion engines needs most careful study, calculation and discrimination, and that rough-and-ready installations simply court failure.
Dianthus was built by Herreshoff for Mr. John P. Crozier, and is 65 feet long, 17 feet breadth, with 3 feet 8 inches draught. Some time ago she was converted to direct-drive in conjunction with heavy-duty engines, but her original plant was high-speed motors, operating the propeller through reduction gearing.
The interesting part of the conversion is that, whereas the first plant consisted of two 6o-h.p. motors, the new equipment was two 32-h.p. sets --- or a reduction of power of nearly one-half. Yet her speed with the latter machinery was considerably faster than before.
This would show that either the engines did not develop their rated power --- as we assumed --- or else the propellers and the reduction-gears must have been so poorly designed that there was a loss of almost 50%. Now the latter is practically inconceivable to any engineer, so the loss obviously must have been divided between the power absorbed by the gearing, the failure of the motors to give their designed power, and lack of propeller efficiency.
Dianthus' new engines are two Standards, and the makers --- the Standard Motor Construction Company --- supply the following data concerning one engine of both the old and new plants:
H.P. rating of engine 60h.p. 32h.p.
Length of engine (and gears) 98 in. 81 in.
Height of engine 35 in. 35 in.
Width of engine 22 in. 25 in.
Weight of engine 1,600 lb 2,800 lb
Speed of engine 1.000 r.p.m. 400 r.p.m.
Speed of propeller 400 r.p.m. 400 r.p.m.
Speed of boat 9 m.p.h. 11 m.p.h.
Comparisons with both engines running in each case are not available. In summing up the conversion, the Standard Company state:
'Summing up on the basis established by this boat, the slow-speed, heavy-duty installation takes up no more space, weighs no more than what otherwise would be added in ballast, gives higher fuel and oil economy per mile traveled, wears far longer, and has a lower first cost for equal speed of the boat.'
Having in this and our previous article, endeavored to put forward in an impartial manner the benefits and disadvantages of the gear-reduction drive, we leave it to our readers to decide which type of machinery they shall adopt; but we are perfectly willing to open a correspondence on the subject, provided we receive sufficient interesting letters." (Source: Anon. "Reduction Gears for Cruisers." The Rudder, January 1916, p. 11-12.)

"IN the lists printed on pages 36, 38, and 40, will be found a complete record of all motor boats and motor yachts which went into the service of our Navy Department during the war period. This is the first time that such a list has been published and is given to Motor Boating at the special request of the Hon. Franklin D. Roosevelt, Assistant Secretary of the Navy. ...
The lists include boats propelled by internal combustion motors only—they do not include steam yachts or steamers of any description. ...
Motor Boats Loaned to the Navy Department for the War. A List of the Boats and Owners --- The S. P. Numbers and the Length of the Boats Taken Over. ...
Dianthus [Name of Boat]; 639 [S.P. No.]; 65 [Length]; John P. Crozier, Upland, Pa. [Former Owner]. ..." (Source: Anon. "Privately Owned Motor Boats Purchased by the Government. First List to Be Published Containing Names of Motor Boats Taken Into the Navy." Motor Boating, February 1919, p. 36-40.)

Other Modern Text Source(s)

"... This neighbor of ours was Jere W. Powell, of Salem, N.J. His boat, the Hel-lu-a, was a big, beamy 70-foot cruiser designed and built by the Herreschoffs, back in the early part of the century. Powell had bought the boat some years previous for a song, the craft being pretty badly run-down. Then he had taken off every bit of the varnish on her, down to the wood, and rebuilt a beautiful finish, both in inside and out. He had powered the boat with a pair of Autocar truck engines which he had converted to start on gasoline and then, after a fifteeen-minute warm-up period, to run on Diesel oil. He carried 700 gallons of Diesel oil and a small tank of gasoline. In coming down the Waterway from the Delaware River, he had not refilled any of his tanks until he reached Fernandina, in Florida. Altogether, Powell had done a fine job of converting a grand old boat into a very comfortable cruising yacht, aboard which he and his wife had now lived for a number of years. ..." (Source: Cooper, Morley. Cruising to Florida Via the Intracoastal Waterway. New York, 1946, p. 143.)

"MY 'DIANTHUS' 65' HERRESHOFF cruising houseyacht. 18' beam, 4'9" draft. Twin 671 GM diesels. Sleeps 13. Totally equipped for comfortable living aboard. Needs some work. Owner anxious $10,000 or best offer. Eagle Trawler Yachts. P.O. BOX 1232, Point Pleasant Beach. NJ. 08742 (201) 899-8800. [With photo.]" (Source: Eagle Trawler Yachts. [Classified Ad.] Motor Boating, October 1971, p. 14.)

"Dianthus (SP 639)
Motorboat: Built in 1913 by the Herreshoff Manufacturing Company of Bristol, RI; Acquired by the Navy 21 May 1917; Commissioned 26 May 1917. For the remainder of the conflict, she operated in the waters of the 4th Naval District. Decommissioned 27 November 1918 and returned to her owner, John P. Crozer of Upland, PA. Fate unknown.
Specifications: Displacement unknown; Length 65'; Beam 17' 4"; Draft 2' 9"; Speed 12 kts.; Complement 16; Armament one 3-pounder and one 1-pounder." (Source: http://www.navsource.org/archives/12/170639.htm, last retrieved March 17, 2007.)

"Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships
Dianthus
A genus of plants of the pink family.
(SP: l. 65'; b. 17'4"; dr. 2'9"; s. 12 k.; cpl. 16; a. 1 3-pdr., 1 1-pdr.)
Dianthus (No. 639), a motor boat, was free-leased to the Navy, and commissioned on 26 May 1917, Ensign J. J. Banner, USNRF, in command. Dianthus was assigned to the 4th Naval District where she performed patrol duty throughout the war. She was placed out of commission on 27 November 1918 and returned to her owner." (Source: http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/d4/dianthus.htm, retrieved March 17, 2007.)

Maynard Bray

"Both Herreshoff brothers had new yachts in 1912 (NGH's was Helianthus I [#288p]). This would be JBH's last bit of yachting, however. He died three years later at the age of seventy-four.
... Unlike JBH's earlier yachts, Dianthus runs on gasoline rather than on steam; thus, there is no need for a smokestack. ..." (Source: Bray, Maynard and Carlton Pinheiro. Herreshoff of Bristol. Brooklin, Maine, 1989, p. 134.)

Images

Registers

1914 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#764)
Name: Dianthus
Owner: John B. Herreshoff; Port: Bristol, R.I.; Port of Registry: Bristol, R.I.
Official no. 211423; Building Material Wood; Type & Rig K[eel], FD [Flush Deck], Twn ScwStm [Twin Screw Steamer]
Tons Gross 60; Tons Net 38; LOA 65-0; LWL 61-6; Extr. Beam 17-6; Depth 7-10; Draught 4-0
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1913
Engine 2 Gas Eng. 4 St. 6 Cyl. 4 1/2 x 5 1/2; Maker Premier

1915 List of Merchant Vessels of the U.S.
Name: Dianthus
Owner: John P. Crozer; Port: Tuckerton, N. J.
Official no. 211423; Type & Rig Ga.s. [Gasoline engine, screw]
Tons Gross 60; Tons Net 38; Reg. Length 62.0; Extr. Beam 17.0; Depth 7.8
Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1913

1917 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#776)
Name: Dianthus
Owner: John P. Crozer; Port: Philadelphia
Official no. 211423; Building Material Wood; Type & Rig K[eel], FD [Flush Deck], Twn ScwStm [Twin Screw Steamer]
Tons Gross 60; Tons Net 38; LOA 65-0; LWL 61-5; Extr. Beam 17-5; Depth 7-10; Draught 4-0
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1913
Engine 2 Gas Eng. 4 Cyc. 6 Cyl. 5 1/2 x 8. 1915; Maker Sterling

1928 List of Merchant Vessels of the U.S. (#290.05)
Name: Dianthus
Owner: Board of Shell Fisheries of the State of New Jersey; Port: Philadelphia, Pa.; Port of Registry: Trenton, N.J.
Official no. 211423; Building Material Composite; Type & Rig Ga.s. [Gasoline engine, screw]
Tons Gross 60; Tons Net 38; Reg. Length 62.0; Extr. Beam 17.0; Depth 7.8
Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1913
Engine Horsepower: 100
Note: Crew: 2; Service: Pol[ice]

1933 List of Merchant Vessels of the U.S. (#280.44)
Name: Dianthus
Owner: Arlie T. Jacobs; Port: Wilmington, Del.; Port of Registry: Harrington, Del.
Official no. 211423; Building Material Composite; Type & Rig Ga.s. [Gasoline engine, screw]
Tons Gross 60; Tons Net 38; Reg. Length 62.0; Extr. Beam 17.0; Depth 7.8
Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1913
Engine Horsepower: 28
Note: Service: Pas[senger]; Crew: 1

1940 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#2560)
Name; Former Name(s): Hel-Lu-A; Dianthus
Owner: Jere W. Powell; Port: Salem, N.J.; Port of Registry: Philadelphia, Pa.
Official no. 211423; Building Material Comp[osite]; Type & Rig K[eel], FD [Flush Deck], Pwr [Power], Twn [Twin Screws]
Tons Gross 60; Tons Net 38; LOA 65-8; LWL 62-0; Extr. Beam 17-0; Depth 7-8; Draught 4-4
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1913
Engine 2 Gas Eng. 4 Cyc. 4 Cyl. 4 1/4 x 4 3/4; Maker Autocar

1947 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#2471)
Name; Former Name(s): Hel-Lu-A; Dianthus
Owner: Jere W. Powell; Port: Salem, N.J.; Port of Registry: Philadelphia, Pa.
Official no. 211423; Building Material Comp[osite]; Type & Rig K[eel], FD [Flush Deck], Pwr [Power], Twn [Twin Screws]
Tons Gross 60; Tons Net 38; LOA 65-8; LWL 62-0; Extr. Beam 17-0; Depth 7-8; Draught 4-4
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1913
Engine 2 Oil Eng. 2 Cyc. 6 Cyl. 1946; Maker Gray

1950 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#2797)
Name; Former Name(s): Hel-Lu-A; Dianthus
Owner: Jere W. Powell; Port: Salem, N.J.; Port of Registry: Philadelphia, Pa.
Official no. 211423; Building Material Comp[osite]; Type & Rig K[eel], FD [Flush Deck], Pwr [Power], Twn [Twin Screws]
Tons Gross 60; Tons Net 38; LOA 65-8; LWL 62-0; Extr. Beam 17-0; Depth 7-8; Draught 4-4
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1913
Engine 2 Oil Eng. 2 Cyc. 6 Cyl. 1946; Maker Gray

1955 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#3131)
Name; Former Name(s): Hel-Lu-A; Dianthus
Owner: Jere W. Powell; Port: Salem, N.J.; Port of Registry: Philadelphia, Pa.
Official no. 211423; Building Material Comp[osite]; Type & Rig K[eel], FD [Flush Deck], Pwr [Power], Twn [Twin Screws]
Tons Gross 60; Tons Net 38; LOA 65-8; LWL 62-0; Extr. Beam 17-0; Depth 7-8; Draught 4-4
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1913
Engine 2 Oil Eng. 2 Cyc. 6 Cyl. 1946; Maker Gray

Source: Various Yacht Lists and Registers. For complete biographical information see the Herreshoff Catalogue Raisonné under Data Sources. Note that this section shows only snapshots in time and should not be considered a provenance, although it can help creating one.

Supplement

From the 1920 and earlier HMCo Index Cards at the MIT Museum
  • Note: The vessel index cards comprise two sets of a total of some 3200 cards about vessels built by HMCo, with dimensions and information regarding drawings, later or former vessel names, and owners. They were compiled from HMCo's early days until 1920 and added to in later decades, apparently by Hart Nautical curator William A. Baker and his successors. While HMCo seems to have used only one set of index cards, all sorted by name and, where no name was available, by number, later users at MIT apparently divided them into two sets of cards, one sorted by vessel name, the other by vessel number and greatly expanded the number of cards. Original HMCo cards are usually lined and almost always punched with a hole at bottom center while later cards usually have no hole, are unlined, and often carry substantially less information. All cards are held by the Francis Russell Hart Nautical Collections of the MIT Museum in Cambridge, Mass.
From the 1931 HMCo-published Owner's List

Name: Dianthus
Type: Gasoline
Length: 65'
Owner: Herreshoff, J. B.

Source: Herreshoff Manufacturing Company. "A Partial List of Herreshoff Clients." In: Herreshoff Manufacturing Company. Herreshoff Yachts. Bristol, Rhode Island, ca. 1931.

From the 1930s L. Francis Herreshoff Index Cards at the Herreshoff Marine Museum
  • Note: The L. Francis Herreshoff index cards comprise a set of some 1200 cards about vessels built by HMCo, with dimensions and / or ownership information. Apparently compiled in the early 1930s, for later HMCo-built boats like the Fishers Island 23s or the Northeast Harbor 30s are not included. Added to in later decades, apparently by L. F. Herreshoff as well as his long-time secretary Muriel Vaughn and others. Also 46 cards of L. F. Herreshoff-designed vessels. The original set of index cards is held by the Herreshoff Marine Museum and permission to display is gratefully acknowledged.
From the 1953 HMCo Owner's List by L. Francis Herreshoff

Name: Dianthus
Type: 65' gas
Owner: J. B. Herreshoff
Year: 1913
Row No.: 157

Source: Herreshoff, L. Francis. "Partial List of Herreshoff-Built Boats." In: Herreshoff, L. Francis. Capt. Nat Herreshoff. The Wizard of Bristol. New York, 1953, p. 325-343.

From the 2000 (ca.) Transcription of the HMCo Construction Record by Vermilya/Bray

Year: 1912
E/P/S: P
No.: 289
Name: Dianthus
OA: 65' 0"
LW: 61' 6"

Source: Vermilya, Peter and Maynard Bray. "Transcription of the HMCo. Construction Record." Unpublished database, ca. 2000.

Note: The transcription of the HMCo Construction Record by Peter Vermilya and Maynard Bray was performed independently (and earlier) than that by Claas van der Linde. A comparison of the two transcriptions can be particularly useful in those many cases where the handwriting in the Construction Record is difficult to decipher.

Research Note(s)

"[Official no.] 211423 Hel-Lu-A, owned by Jere Powell of Salem, NJ was still listed in the 1964 List of Merchant Vessels of the United States (including Yachts)." (Source: van der Linde, Claas. March 20, 2014.)

"Launched 1912-11-21." (Source: van der Linde, Claas. March 5, 2009.)

Note: Research notes contain information about a vessel that is often random and unedited but has been deemed useful for future research.

Note

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Herreshoff Catalogue Raisonné.
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Citation: HMCo #289p Dianthus. Herreshoff Catalogue Raisonné. http://herreshoff.info/Docs/P00289_Dianthus.htm.