HMCo #299p Helianthus II

P00299_Helianthus_II_HMM_Album_16192_09_c.jpg

Particulars

Construction_Record_Title.jpgName: Helianthus II
Later Name(s): Pomander (1920-), Hedalca (ca1928)
Type: Power yacht
Designed by: NGH
Contract: 1915-1 ?
Launch: 1916-10-16
LOA: 64' 11" (19.79m)
Beam: 17' 1" (5.21m)
Draft: 3' 9" (1.14m)
Displ.: 55.0 short tons (49.9 metric tons)
Propulsion: Gasoline, Van Blerck, 2 engines; 4 cyl. 5 1/2" x 6"
Built for: Herreshoff, J. B. [N. G. Herreshoff later owner]
Amount: $12,822.58
Note(s) in HMCo Construction Record: H. Mfg. Co. for J. B. H.
Last reported: 1928 (aged 12)

See also:
#191703es [Dinghy for #299p Helianthus II] (1917)
#191704es [Dinghy for #299p Helianthus II] (1917)

Note(s): Vessel information is primarily but not exclusively from the HMCo Construction Record. Supplementary information when not cited here usually appears elsewhere in this record with a complete citation.
"In the absence of better available data displacement was estimated by using the figure for Gross Register Tons (55) from the 1920 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (Net Register Tons were reported as 48) and converting to lbs by dividing through 2000 (short tons). Note that this figure can only be a rough estimate because register tons as reported in Yacht Registers correlate only loosely with actual displacement figures." (Source: van der Linde, Claas. March 17, 2015.)


Model

Model #21

Model number: 21
Model location: H.M.M. Model Room East Wall

Vessels from this model:
3 built, modeled by NGH
#289p Dianthus (1912)
#299p Helianthus II (1916)
#369p Sunflower (1919)

Original text on model:
"#289 Scale 1/2" May 1912 completed July 1913 DIANTHUS
299 Scale 1/2" July 1918 HELIANTHUS (second)
January 1919 for J.P. Crozer." (Source: Original handwritten annotation on model. Undated.)

Model Description:
"#289 Dianthus, 65' power cruiser of 1912. Also #299 Helianthus II of 1918 and, with modifications, #369 Sunflower, houseboat of 1919." (Source: Bray, Maynard. 2004.)

Note: Vessels that appear in the records as not built, a cancelled contract, a study model, or as a model sailboat are listed but not counted in the list of vessels built from a model.


Offsets

Offset booklet number(s): HH.4.42

Offset booklet contents:
#289, #299, #369 [motor yacht Dianthus, Helianthus II, Sunflower].


Source: Hasselbalch, Kurt with Frances Overcash and Angela Reddin. Guide to The Haffenreffer-Herreshoff Collection. Francis Russell Hart Nautical Collections, MIT Museum, Cambridge, Mass., 1997, p. 32-43.

Raw Offset Info Database Entry

Microfilm Reel No. (Hart Nautical Offset Info): HAFH.4.3B
Box No. (Hart Nautical Offset Info): HAFH.4.3B
Acc. No. (Hart Nautical Offset Info): HH.4.42
Vessel Descr. (Hart Nautical Offset Info): #289, #299, #369 [motor yacht Dianthus, Helianthus II, Sunflower]

Text

Nathanael G. Herreshoff

"[Copyright-restricted content.]" (Source: Herreshoff, Nathanael G. Diary, 1916 to 1919. Manuscript (excerpts). Access courtesy of Halsey C. Herreshoff.)

"... The powerboat [#299p HELIANTHUS II] sold [to] Mr. Conrad was purchased of R.I. Hospital Trust Co, executors of the late John B. Herreshoff, Dec. 1916 for $3750 and was at time of purchase only partly constructed. I had the H.M.Co. complete her and the bills up to Aug. 1917 when in usable condition amounted [to] 12822.58. This does not include sundry articles I bought directly and have no details [of]. The machinery was unsatisfactory and finally in 1918-19 I refitted the vessel with steam power, at the cost made up at the time of $4599.17. Part of the work was done by H.M.Co. The balance was picked up and I have no detailed record. The sundrys of which I referred to above to put the vessel in condition as sold footed up to 2564.51 and this I have not vouchers for. [np] Total cost to time of sale 19986.26. The sale was made in fall of 1919, and included taking care of her the following winter and fitting out in spring of 1920 which cost 472.88. [np] 12822.58 [np] 4599.17 [np] 2564.51 [np] 472.88 [np] [Sum] 20459.14 [np] This does not include running expenses when in use. [np] The rig I sold to Mr. Conrad for $200, cost me when made about $400.00." (Source: Herreshoff, N. G. [Letter to U.S. Internal Revenue Service.] Herreshoff Marine Museum Correspondence, Folder 51 (new), 240 (old). Access courtesy of Halsey C. Herreshoff. June 21, 1921.)

"My Own Boats. Except a few that will be mentioned as half-owner. ...
25
1917 HELIANTHUS 2nd #299 - In the fall of 1916, I bought from my brother John's estate, the unfinished hull for a 65' power boat having a 17' beam and rearranged her to a most satisfactory cruising yacht, excepting the two Van Blerck [4 cylinder] motors were unsatisfactory, being very unbalanced and noisy. With both motors, she would cruise at 10 knots, but took a large amount of gasoline. In the fall of 1917, before starting on a winter cruise to Florida, I took out one motor and belted [the other] across to the starboard screw shaft, thus retaining [use of] both [propellers]. HELIANTHUS was used all the following winter and part of the summer. In the winter of 1918-19, I made plans for putting in steam power using a triple expansion [engine] from the shop, and I designed a new boiler to be fired by a Stanley burner to use kerosene and with Stanley automatic controls. This was installed in June, 1919, and it worked very well, giving about 8 1/2 knots or about the same as the one four cylinder 5 1/2 x 6 Van Blerck. In the fall, she was sold to B.B. Conrad of Boston. I didn't care to sell her and thought my price prohibitive, but the man took her, to be delivered in the spring of 1920." (Source: Herreshoff, N. G. "My Own Boats. Except a few that Will be Mentioned as Half-Owner." Bristol, (originally compiled 1892 with additions in) 1929. In: Pinheiro, Carlton J. (ed.). Recollections and Other Writings by Nathanael G. Herreshoff. Bristol, 1998, p. 119.)

L. Francis Herreshoff

"In 1918 Captain Nat had the powerboat 'Helianthus II,' sixty-five feet long and seventeen feet beam. She was twin screw, had quite a long deck house, and was really a houseboat. He took her to Florida but was never satisfied with her gasoline engines on account of their noise, vibration, and cost of fuel, so in 1919 he took out the gasoline engines and replaced them with a small Herreshoff triple-expansion steam engine and a special boiler of his design, fired with burners, and automatic controls as used in the Stanley steam automobile, using kerosene for fuel. He took this 'Helianthus' to Florida the following winter and said he liked the power plant very well, but he sold her in 1920 and designed and had built a smaller yacht, 'Helianthus III,' which was sixty-two and one half feet long and twelve feet nine inches beam." (Source: Herreshoff, L. Francis. The Wizard of Bristol. The Life and Achievements of Nathanael Greene Herreshoff, together with An Account of Some of the Yachts he Designed. New York, 1953.)

The 'Helianthus II' was sixty-five feet long and seventeen feet beam and very shallow draft, and he went south in her in the winters of 1918 and 1919. At first she was powered with two gasoline engines but Captain Nat thought them noisy and not economical so he replaced them with two of the steam launch engines built by the Herreshoff Manufacturing Company, and designed a new boiler for her which was fired by a Stanley automobile burner that used kerosene for fuel and had Stanley automatic controls for controlling steam pressure and water level. He went to Florida with the steam power plant in the winter of 1919 and said it worked very well and gave him the cruising speed of eight and one half knots, or nearly ten miles an hour, but he sold this 'Helianthus' in the spring of 1920 ..." (Source: Herreshoff, L. Francis. The Wizard of Bristol. The Life and Achievements of Nathanael Greene Herreshoff, together with An Account of Some of the Yachts he Designed. New York, 1953, p. 314.)

Other Contemporary Text Source(s)

"Capt. Nat Herreshoff will have a new motor yacht next year which will be an improved Helianthus, his last boat. It will be somewhat larger than the old boat which is to be sold." (Source: Anon. "Bits of Yachting News." New York Sun, December 27, 1914, p. 2.)

"... Work was started last week at Bristol on the construction of a new power cruiser for John B. Herreshoff to take the place of the Dianthus [#289p], which was recently sold to a New York yachtsman. ... [This is apparently a reference to #299p Helianthus II which was subsequently bought in an unfinished state by N. G. Herreshoff from the estate of his brother J. B. Herreshoff.]" (Source: Anon. "Notes from the Week's Log." Boston Globe, January 31, 1915, p. 40.)

"A new power yacht, 60 feet in length, is being constructed at the shops of the Herreshoff Manufacturing Company for John B. Herreshoff." (Source: Anon. "Bristol and Vicinity." Bristol Phoenix, March 26, 1915, p. 2.)

"... The 50-foot power cruiser building at Herreshoff's for John B. Herreshoff is planked and work on the interior has been started. ... [This is apparently another reference to #299p Helianthus II which was bought in an unfinished state by N. G. Herreshoff from the estate of his brother J. B. Herreshoff.]" (Source: Anon. "Notes from the Week's Log." Boston Globe, May 16, 1915, p. 58.)

"... For the first time in many years John B. Herreshoff missed the varsity races at New London this season. Although ill and unable to go, Mr Herreshoff sent his steam yacht Eugenia [#224p]. ... The only yacht building at Herreshoff's at present is the 50-foot power boat for John B. Herreshoff which the joiners are working on and which will be finished within the month. ..." (Source: Anon. "Notes from the Week's Log." Boston Globe, July 4, 1915, p. 44.)

"A new power yacht begun last winter for the late John B. Herreshoff was launched Saturday afternoon [October 16, 1915], at the Herreshoff boat shop. The craft is 65 feet over all, 17 1/2 feet beam, and has a draught of four feet. She was laid up for the winter at Walker's Cove soon after the launching." (Source: Anon. "Bristol and Vicinity." Bristol Phoenix, October 19, 1915, p. 2.)

"Capt 'Nat' Herreshoff, the yacht designer, has left Bristol with his new power cruiser Helianthus, recently fitted and placed in commission, for the Winter in Florida and the Gulf of Mexico waters. The Helianthus will proceed down the coast by easy stages and will not return until next Spring. Capt 'Nat' has been subject to rheumatism for years and has found that there are palliative remedies for the troubles in the Southern latitudes during the Winter months. He is relieved of much of the hard work at Herreshoffs by A. Loring Swasey, the vice president and a well-known yacht designer." (Source: Anon. "Yachts and Yachtsmen." Boston Globe, October 21, 1917, p. 39.)

"... Saw a fine exhibition of fancy flying yesterday, at the motor-boat walk-overs; beside the loops which are common now, they come almost straight down with a corkscrew twist that makes one creepy. Weather finest of fine, E and SE, fresh. Nat Herreshoff took us all over to the alleged races in his yacht [taking also Com. Benedict, the Huntingtons and Mr. & Mrs. Led as per NGH's diary] --- a good wholesome craft, beautifully fitted and furnished, but absolutely no frills. Electric capstan. Has only one man on deck, engineer and cook, and Mrs. H., who is a charming woman. We have been on several trips with them, and they have spent many days and nights here, so much so that the Barnacle [at Coconut Grove] and boathouse are now headquarters, almost. Next year, if all goes well, they will come here, or close by, to spend the whole winter, and keep a 1-rater in my basin for sailing, of which he is as passionately fond as he ever was. He has a sailing dinghy [#191704es Alerion Sailing Dinghy for Helianthus II] with him, most beautifully built, and with cross-cut sails --- oars only. No motors, except his main one, a 40-50, which drives twin screws with a belt, getting nine knots out of the full, large-bodied yacht, which equals our 5 HP performances. He doesn't like gasoline however, and is going to put in steam, so as to go along quietly. He was much interested in my light-draft designs, especially that of Petrel, which he remembers as having sailed against his daddy's boats at Bristol in 1879. Has a fine memory, excellent taste in music, never has drunk or smoked, is one of the modest and gentle of men, and very quiet until I get him alone, talking boats, at which I've just had a bully time. It all makes me feel that I have lost much in not renewing the acquaintance much sooner. I had him put up for honorary membership in the Club for next Saturday's election. ..." (Source: Munroe, Ralph M. [Letter to Vincent Gilpin.] University of Miami Collection. February 28, 1918.)

"Capt. and Mrs Nathaniel G. Herreshoff, who have been cruising off the Florida coast since the first of January in their yacht Helianthus, have returned home." (Source: Anon. "Bristol and Vicinity" Bristol Phoenix, April 23, 1918, p. 2.)

"... Capt 'Nat' Herreshoff, who cruised all the Winter in Florida waters aboard his power cruiser Helianthus, upon his return to Bristol the last of April had the Helianthus stripped and stored for the Summer at the Herreshoff storage yard. ..." (Source: Anon. "Notes from the Week's Log." Boston Globe, May 12, 1918, p. 47.)

"... The cruising power boat Helianthus, aboard which 'Nat' Herreshoff has been cruising for two weeks, returned to Bristol last week and has been transferred to her new owner, B. B. Conrad of Boston. ..." (Source: Anon. "Notes from the Week's Log." Boston Globe, October 26, 1919, p. 61.)

"The power-cruising yacht Helianthus sold last Fall by Capt Nat Herreshoff to B. B. Conrad of Boston, is fitted out at Herreshoff's and ready to come around Cape Cod for the 1920 season." (Source: Anon. "Notes From The Week's Log." New York Times, April 25, 1920, p. 56.)

"... One of the reasons that designer Nat Herreshoff is not watching the cup defender trials off Newport this Summer, as he used to do in the past, is because he now has no cruising yacht, having sold the Helianthus recently. ..." (Source: Anon. "Notes from the Week's Log." Boston Globe, June 20, 1920, p. 51.)

"... Four good-sized power boats are here also for the cruise, ... B. B. Conrad's Pomander, formerly the well-known Herreshoff-owned Helianthus; ..." (Source: Fowle, Leonard M. "Juniors Sail Mid-Week Race." Boston Globe, July 4, 1923, p. 7.)

Maynard Bray

"... the noise, smell, vibration, and running cost of gasoline engines, measured against a fondness for and understanding of steam power, as well as a lifetime of experience with it, made the idea of steam still practical in NGH's mind. After a 1918-1919 cruise to Florida in the second Helianthus, a steel-framed 65-footer built during the war years, he pulled out her gasoline engine and replaced it with a steam power plant. There was a suitable unused engine lying around the shop, a new boiler was built to NGH's design, Stanley Steamer controls were fitted, and Helianthus II sailed south again during 1919-1920 in what was to be NGH's last use of steam power. Helianthus II was sold in 1920. ..." (Source: Bray, Maynard and Carlton Pinheiro. Herreshoff of Bristol. Brooklin, Maine, 1989, p. 132.)

Images

Registers

1920 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#2378)
Name; Former Name(s): Pomander; Helianthus
Owner: B. B. Conrad; Port: Wareham, Mass.; Port of Registry: Boston
Official no. 215243; Building Material Comp[osite]; Type & Rig K[eel], DC [Deck Cabin], ScwStr [Screw Steamer]
Tons Gross 55; Tons Net 48; LOA 65-0; LWL 61-6; Extr. Beam 17-0; Depth 7-9; Draught 4-0
Sailmaker HMCo.; Sails made in [19]17; Sail Area 600
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1917
Engine T[riple]. 3 Cyl. 4 1/2, 6 1/4 & 20 x 5 1/2. 1919. 1B[oiler] W[ater] T[ube]; Maker Herreshoff Mfg. Co.
Note: One Eng. rem[oved] 1917. Gas Eng. rem[oved] 1919. Alt[ered] from Twn Scw.

1923 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#2399)
Name; Former Name(s): Pomander; Helianthus
Owner: B. B. Conrad; Port: Wareham, Mass.; Port of Registry: Boston
Official no. 215243; Building Material Comp[osite]; Type & Rig K[eel], DC [Deck Cabin], Pwr [Power]
Tons Gross 55; Tons Net 48; LOA 74-0; LWL 66-10; Extr. Beam 17-0; Depth 7-8; Draught 4-0
Sailmaker HmCo.; Sails made in [19]17; Sail Area 600
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1917
Engine 2 Gas Eng. 4 Cyc. 4 Cyl. 6 1/2 x 8. 1921; Maker Murray & Tregurtha
Note: One Eng. rem. 1917. Gas Eng. replaced by Steam 1919. New Gas Eng. 1921. Alt from Twn Scw. to Single 1919, to Twn Scw 1921. Leng. 9ft. new counter 1923.

1925 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#2582)
Name; Former Name(s): Pomander; Helianthus
Owner: B. B. Conrad; Port: Wareham, Mass.; Port of Registry: Boston
Official no. 215243; Building Material Comp[osite]; Type & Rig K[eel], DC [Deck Cabin], Pwr [Power]
Tons Gross 55; Tons Net 48; LOA 74-0; LWL 66-10; Extr. Beam 17-0; Depth 7-9; Draught 4-0
Sailmaker HMCo; Sails made in [19]17; Sail Area 600
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1917
Engine 2 Gas Eng. 4 Cyc. 4 Cyl. 6 1/2 x 8. 1921; Maker Murray & Tregurtha
Note: One Eng. rem. 1917. Gas Eng. replaced by Steam 1919. New Gas Eng. 1921. Alt from Twn Scw. to Single 1919, to Twn Scw 1921. Leng. 9ft. new counter 1923.

1928 List of Merchant Vessels of the U.S. (#782.39)
Name; Former Name(s): Hedalca; Pomander, Helianthus
Owner: Alcan Hirsch, 271 Madison Avenue; Port: New York, N.Y.
Official no. 215243; Building Material Composite; Type & Rig Ga.s. [Gasoline engine, screw]
Tons Gross 56; Tons Net 46; Reg. Length 63.9; Extr. Beam 17.2; Depth 7.2
Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1917
Engine Horsepower: 90
Note: Crew: 3

Source: Various Yacht Lists and Registers. For complete biographical information see the Herreshoff Catalogue Raisonné under Data Sources. Note that this section shows only snapshots in time and should not be considered a provenance, although it can help creating one.

Supplement

From the 1920 and earlier HMCo Index Cards at the MIT Museum
  • Note: The vessel index cards comprise two sets of a total of some 3200 cards about vessels built by HMCo, with dimensions and information regarding drawings, later or former vessel names, and owners. They were compiled from HMCo's early days until 1920 and added to in later decades, apparently by Hart Nautical curator William A. Baker and his successors. While HMCo seems to have used only one set of index cards, all sorted by name and, where no name was available, by number, later users at MIT apparently divided them into two sets of cards, one sorted by vessel name, the other by vessel number and greatly expanded the number of cards. Original HMCo cards are usually lined and almost always punched with a hole at bottom center while later cards usually have no hole, are unlined, and often carry substantially less information. All cards are held by the Francis Russell Hart Nautical Collections of the MIT Museum in Cambridge, Mass.
From the 1931 HMCo-published Owner's List

Name: Helianthus
Type: Gasoline
Length: 65'
Owner: Herreslioff, N. G.

Source: Herreshoff Manufacturing Company. "A Partial List of Herreshoff Clients." In: Herreshoff Manufacturing Company. Herreshoff Yachts. Bristol, Rhode Island, ca. 1931.

From the 1930s L. Francis Herreshoff Index Cards at the Herreshoff Marine Museum
  • Note: The L. Francis Herreshoff index cards comprise a set of some 1200 cards about vessels built by HMCo, with dimensions and / or ownership information. Apparently compiled in the early 1930s, for later HMCo-built boats like the Fishers Island 23s or the Northeast Harbor 30s are not included. Added to in later decades, apparently by L. F. Herreshoff as well as his long-time secretary Muriel Vaughn and others. Also 46 cards of L. F. Herreshoff-designed vessels. The original set of index cards is held by the Herreshoff Marine Museum and permission to display is gratefully acknowledged.
From the 1953 HMCo Owner's List by L. Francis Herreshoff

Name: Helianthus II
Type: 65' gasoline
Owner: N. G. Herreshoff
Year: 1917
Row No.: 275

Source: Herreshoff, L. Francis. "Partial List of Herreshoff-Built Boats." In: Herreshoff, L. Francis. Capt. Nat Herreshoff. The Wizard of Bristol. New York, 1953, p. 325-343.

From the 2000 (ca.) Transcription of the HMCo Construction Record by Vermilya/Bray

Year: 1914
E/P/S: P
No.: 299
Name: Helianthus
OA: 65' 0"

Source: Vermilya, Peter and Maynard Bray. "Transcription of the HMCo. Construction Record." Unpublished database, ca. 2000.

Note: The transcription of the HMCo Construction Record by Peter Vermilya and Maynard Bray was performed independently (and earlier) than that by Claas van der Linde. A comparison of the two transcriptions can be particularly useful in those many cases where the handwriting in the Construction Record is difficult to decipher.

Research Note(s)

"Dimensions from U.S. Navy Boat License No. 1195 for Helianthus (HMM Subject Files, Folder 91 (new), Access courtesy of Halsey C. Herreshoff)." (Source: van der Linde, Claas. May 15, 2017.

Note: Research notes contain information about a vessel that is often random and unedited but has been deemed useful for future research.

Note

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Citation: HMCo #299p Helianthus II. Herreshoff Catalogue Raisonné. http://herreshoff.info/Docs/P00299_Helianthus_II.htm.