HMCo #369p Sunflower

P00369_Sunflower.jpg

Particulars

Construction_Record_Title.jpgName: Sunflower
Later Name(s): Kinkead (1930s), Araho (ca1940)
Type: Power yacht
Designed by: NGH
Contract: 1919-1-22 ?
Launch: 1919-7-4
Construction: Composite
LOA: 72' 0" (21.95m)
Beam: 17' 0" (5.18m)
Draft: 4' 2" (1.27m)
Displ.: 62.0 short tons (56.2 metric tons)
Propulsion: Gasoline, Standard, 2 engines, 50-54 h.p. ; 6 cyl. 6" x 8"; 2 [engines @ 50-54 h.p.]
Propeller: Diameter 34", Pitch 40", Standard
Built for: Crozer, John P.
Amount: $44,500.00
Last reported: 1947 (aged 28)

See also:
#191903ep [Power Tender for #369p Sunflower] (1919)

Note(s): Vessel information is primarily but not exclusively from the HMCo Construction Record. Supplementary information when not cited here usually appears elsewhere in this record with a complete citation.
"In the absence of better available data displacement was estimated by using the figure for Gross Register Tons (62) from the 1920 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (Net Register Tons were reported as 42) and converting to lbs by dividing through 2000 (short tons). Note that this figure can only be a rough estimate because register tons as reported in Yacht Registers correlate only loosely with actual displacement figures." (Source: van der Linde, Claas. March 17, 2015.)


Model

Model #21

Model number: 21
Model location: H.M.M. Model Room East Wall

Vessels from this model:
3 built, modeled by NGH
#289p Dianthus (1912)
#299p Helianthus II (1916)
#369p Sunflower (1919)

Original text on model:
"#289 Scale 1/2" May 1912 completed July 1913 DIANTHUS
299 Scale 1/2" July 1918 HELIANTHUS (second)
January 1919 for J.P. Crozer." (Source: Original handwritten annotation on model. Undated.)

Model Description:
"#289 Dianthus, 65' power cruiser of 1912. Also #299 Helianthus II of 1918 and, with modifications, #369 Sunflower, houseboat of 1919." (Source: Bray, Maynard. 2004.)

Note: Vessels that appear in the records as not built, a cancelled contract, a study model, or as a model sailboat are listed but not counted in the list of vessels built from a model.


Offsets

Offset booklet number(s): HH.4.42

Offset booklet contents:
#289, #299, #369 [motor yacht Dianthus, Helianthus II, Sunflower].


Source: Hasselbalch, Kurt with Frances Overcash and Angela Reddin. Guide to The Haffenreffer-Herreshoff Collection. Francis Russell Hart Nautical Collections, MIT Museum, Cambridge, Mass., 1997, p. 32-43.

Raw Offset Info Database Entry

Microfilm Reel No. (Hart Nautical Offset Info): HAFH.4.3B
Box No. (Hart Nautical Offset Info): HAFH.4.3B
Acc. No. (Hart Nautical Offset Info): HH.4.42
Vessel Descr. (Hart Nautical Offset Info): #289, #299, #369 [motor yacht Dianthus, Helianthus II, Sunflower]

Text

Nathanael G. Herreshoff

"No. 369. Jan. 22, 1919. (Composite Construction.) 72ft. o.a. Twin screw power cruiser to be made from model of #289 [#289p Dianthus], but with 45 frame spaces of 19in each. This is equal to 17 1/4in. frame spaces + 2 3/4in. on the model of #289 which represents 64ft. 11in. overall. The sheer height to under side of deck is to be 2in. higher than figures gives, which will increase the half breadths where there is a flare to topsides. The cabin floor is to be raised the same amount as the deck. Generally the scantlings are to be the same as #289 with deck increased to 1-5/8in.
Frame spaces 19in. (13.22). Use a scale 13 1/4in. long for one foot in fore and aft measurements of stem and transom, and use [unreadable word] taken off for #289 stem. ..." (Source: Herreshoff, Nathanael Greene. Handwritten note in Offset Booklet HH.4.42. Francis Russell Hart Nautical Collections, MIT Museum, Cambridge, Mass. January 22, 1919.)

Other Contemporary Text Source(s)

"A new boat constructed by the Herreshoff Manufacturing Company will be launched at high tide on the afternoon of July 4." (Source: Anon. "Bristol and Vicinity." Bristol Phoenix, July 1, 1919, p. 2.)

"A new 70-foot twin screw power yacht, built for John P. Crozer of New York, was launched at the boat shops of the Herreshoff Manufacturing Company on July 4 at high tide about 2 pm. The craft, which resembles the 'Helianthus' [#299p] owned by Capt. Nathaniel G Herreshoff was christened 'Sunflower' " (Source: Anon. "Bristol and Vicinity." Bristol Phoenix, July 8, 1919, p. 2.)

"... A 70-foot cruising power boat Sunflower, built for John P. Crozier of the New York Yacht Club, was launched at Herreshoff's July 4 [1919]. The new craft is of the same size and type as Nat Herreshoff's Helianthus [#299p], which was recently put into commission. ..." (Source: Anon. "Notes from the Week's Log." Boston Globe, July 13, 1919, p. 51.)

Maynard Bray

"Since 1902, NGH had lived for weeks at a time aboard his own power cruisers, Roamer [#215p] and Helianthus I [#288p] and II [#299p], on extended coastal trips, and by 1919 he had made one or two runs to Florida and back aboard his second Helianthus. So there could be no doubt about his ability, through firsthand experience, to design a thoroughly practical houseboat. Sunflower is such a craft --- practical, yet elegant (notice the curved glass in the forward corners of her rounded deckhouse), in true Herreshoff tradition. Power is provided by two six-cylinder Standard gasoline engines. ..." (Source: Bray, Maynard and Carlton Pinheiro. Herreshoff of Bristol. Brooklin, Maine, 1989, p. 152.)

Images

Registers

1920 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#2916)
Name: Sunflower
Owner: John P. Crozer; Port: Tuckerton, N.J.
Official no. 218604; Building Material Wood; Type & Rig K[eel], FD [Flush Deck], ScwStr [Screw Steamer]
Tons Gross 62; Tons Net 42; LOA 72-0; LWL 70-0; Extr. Beam 17-0; Depth 7-6; Draught 4-4
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1919
Engine 2 Gas Eng. 4 St. 6 Cyl. 6 x 8; Maker Standard

1923 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#2985)
Name: Sunflower
Owner: John P. Crozer; Port: Philadelphia
Official no. 218604; Building Material Wood; Type & Rig K[eel], FD [Flush Deck], Pwr [Power]
Tons Gross 62; Tons Net 42; LOA 72-0; LWL 70-0; Extr. Beam 17-0; Depth 7-5; Draught 4-4
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1919
Engine 2 Gas Eng. 4 Cyc. 6 Cyl. 6 x 8; Maker Standard

1925 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#3208)
Name: Sunflower
Owner: John P. Crozer; Port: Philadelphia
Official no. 218604; Building Material Wood; Type & Rig K[eel], FD [Flush Deck], Pwr [Power]
Tons Gross 62; Tons Net 42; LOA 72-0; LWL 70-0; Extr. Beam 17-0; Depth 7-6; Draught 4-4
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1919
Engine 2 Gas Eng. 4 Cyc. 6 Cyl. 6 x 8; Maker Standard

1928 List of Merchant Vessels of the U.S. (#818.61)
Name: Sunflower
Owner: Erwin M. Jennings, 27 Harrison Street; Port: Bridgeport, Conn.
Official no. 218604; Type & Rig Ga.s. [Gasoline engine, screw]
Tons Gross 62; Tons Net 42; Reg. Length 68.8; Extr. Beam 17.0; Depth 7.5
Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1919
Engine Horsepower: 108
Note: Crew: 3

1930 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#4166)
Name: Sunflower
Owner: Erwin M. Jennings; Port: Southport; Port of Registry: Bridgeport, Conn.
Official no. 218604; Building Material Wood; Type & Rig K[eel], FD [Flush Deck], Pwr [Power]
Tons Gross 62; Tons Net 42; LOA 72-0; LWL 70-0; Extr. Beam 17-0; Depth 7-5; Draught 4-4
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1919
Engine 2 Gas Eng. 4 Cyc. 6 Cyl. 6 x 8; Maker Standard

1933 List of Merchant Vessels of the U.S. (#858.53)
Name; Former Name(s): Kinkead; Sunflower
Owner: Alex W. Moffat, 207 Fisher Avenue, Brookline, Mass.; Port: Boston, Mass.
Official no. 218604; Type & Rig Ga.s. [Gasoline engine, screw]
Tons Gross 62; Tons Net 42; Reg. Length 68.8; Extr. Beam 17.0; Depth 7.5
Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1919
Engine Horsepower: 108
Note: Crew: 3

1935 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#2463)
Name; Former Name(s): Kinkead; Sunflower
Owner: Dorothy M. O'Hara; Port: Hingham; Port of Registry: Boston, Mass.
Official no. 218604; Building Material Wood; Type & Rig K[eel], FD [Flush Deck], Pwr [Power]
Tons Gross 62; Tons Net 42; LOA 72-0; LWL 70-0; Extr. Beam 17-0; Depth 7-5; Draught 4-4
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1919
Engine 2 Gas Eng. 4 Cyc. 6 Cyl. 6 x 8; Maker Standard

1940 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#388)
Name; Former Name(s): Araho; Kinkead, Sunflower
Owner: Dorothy M. O'Hara; Port: Portland; Port of Registry: Portland, Me.
Official no. 218604; Building Material Wood; Type & Rig K[eel], FD [Flush Deck], Pwr [Power]
Tons Gross 62; Tons Net 42; LOA 72-0; LWL 70-0; Extr. Beam 17-0; Depth 7-6; Draught 4-4
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1919
Engine 2 Gas Eng. 4 Cyc. 8 Cyl. 3 1/4 x 4 7/8. 1940; Maker Chrysler
Araho is the owner's name spelled backwards.

1947 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#357)
Name; Former Name(s): Araho; Kinkead, Sunflower
Owner: Dorothy M. O'Hara; Port: Portland; Port of Registry: Portland, Me.
Official no. 218604; Building Material Wood; Type & Rig K[eel], FD [Flush Deck], Pwr [Power]
Tons Gross 62; Tons Net 42; LOA 72-0; LWL 70-0; Extr. Beam 17-0; Depth 7-6; Draught 4-4
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1919
Engine 2 Gas Eng. 4 Cyc. 8 Cyl. 3 1/4 x 4 7/8. 1940; Maker Chrysler

Source: Various Yacht Lists and Registers. For complete biographical information see the Herreshoff Catalogue Raisonné under Data Sources. Note that this section shows only snapshots in time and should not be considered a provenance, although it can help creating one.

Supplement

From the 1920 and earlier HMCo Index Cards at the MIT Museum
  • Note: The vessel index cards comprise two sets of a total of some 3200 cards about vessels built by HMCo, with dimensions and information regarding drawings, later or former vessel names, and owners. They were compiled from HMCo's early days until 1920 and added to in later decades, apparently by Hart Nautical curator William A. Baker and his successors. While HMCo seems to have used only one set of index cards, all sorted by name and, where no name was available, by number, later users at MIT apparently divided them into two sets of cards, one sorted by vessel name, the other by vessel number and greatly expanded the number of cards. Original HMCo cards are usually lined and almost always punched with a hole at bottom center while later cards usually have no hole, are unlined, and often carry substantially less information. All cards are held by the Francis Russell Hart Nautical Collections of the MIT Museum in Cambridge, Mass.
From the 1931 HMCo-published Owner's List

Name: Sunflower
Type: Gasoline
Length: 72'
Owner: Crozer, John P.

Source: Herreshoff Manufacturing Company. "A Partial List of Herreshoff Clients." In: Herreshoff Manufacturing Company. Herreshoff Yachts. Bristol, Rhode Island, ca. 1931.

From the 1930s L. Francis Herreshoff Index Cards at the Herreshoff Marine Museum
  • Note: The L. Francis Herreshoff index cards comprise a set of some 1200 cards about vessels built by HMCo, with dimensions and / or ownership information. Apparently compiled in the early 1930s, for later HMCo-built boats like the Fishers Island 23s or the Northeast Harbor 30s are not included. Added to in later decades, apparently by L. F. Herreshoff as well as his long-time secretary Muriel Vaughn and others. Also 46 cards of L. F. Herreshoff-designed vessels. The original set of index cards is held by the Herreshoff Marine Museum and permission to display is gratefully acknowledged.
From the 1953 HMCo Owner's List by L. Francis Herreshoff

Name: Sunflower
Type: 72' gasoline
Owner: John P. Crozer
Year: 1919
Row No.: 663

Source: Herreshoff, L. Francis. "Partial List of Herreshoff-Built Boats." In: Herreshoff, L. Francis. Capt. Nat Herreshoff. The Wizard of Bristol. New York, 1953, p. 325-343.

From the 2000 (ca.) Transcription of the HMCo Construction Record by Vermilya/Bray

Year: 1919
E/P/S: P
No.: 369
Name: Sunflower
OA: 72' 0"

Source: Vermilya, Peter and Maynard Bray. "Transcription of the HMCo. Construction Record." Unpublished database, ca. 2000.

Note: The transcription of the HMCo Construction Record by Peter Vermilya and Maynard Bray was performed independently (and earlier) than that by Claas van der Linde. A comparison of the two transcriptions can be particularly useful in those many cases where the handwriting in the Construction Record is difficult to decipher.

Research Note(s)

"Sunflower's contract date has been estimated to be the same as the date under which her offsets were recorded in offset booklet HH.4.42 by N. G. H." (Source: van der Linde, Claas. July 15, 2014.)

"Built in 163 days (contract to launch; equivalent to $273/day, 761 lbs displacement/day)." (Source: van der Linde, Claas. January 1, 2018.)

Note: Research notes contain information about a vessel that is often random and unedited but has been deemed useful for future research.

Note

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Citation: HMCo #369p Sunflower. Herreshoff Catalogue Raisonné. http://herreshoff.info/Docs/P00369_Sunflower.htm.