HMCo #443s Adelaide


Construction_Record_Title.jpgName: Adelaide
Later Name(s): Follette (ca1905-)
Type: Larchmont One-Design Fin Keel
Designed by: NGH
Contract: 1894-4-17
Launch: 1894-6-4
Construction: Wood
LOA: 31' (9.45m)
LWL: 21' (6.40m)
Beam: 6' 2" (1.88m)
Draft: 5' 4" (1.63m)
Construction Class and Number: #442-2
Rig: Gaff Sloop
Sail Area: 600sq ft (55.7sq m)
Keel: FK
Ballast: Lead
Built for: Iselin, C. Oliver
Amount: $1,300.00
Last reported: 1912 (aged 18)

Note(s): Vessel information is primarily but not exclusively from the HMCo Construction Record. Supplementary information when not cited here usually appears elsewhere in this record with a complete citation.
"[Sail area 600sq ft.]" (Source: Anon. "The Houri A Fast One." New York Times, June 2, 1894, p. 3.=


Model #6

Model number: 6
Model location: H.M.M. Model Room East Wall

Vessels from this model:
12 built, modeled by NGH
#442s Houri (1894)
#443s Adelaide (1894)
#444s Vaquero I (1894)
#445s Dorothy (1894)
#446s Alerion II (1894)
#447s Celia (1894)
#453s Vaquero II (1895)
#454s Lagofa (1895)
#457s Osprey (1895)
#458s Mist (1895)
#478s [Half-rater for A. J. Drexel] (1896)
#496s Spook (1898)

Original text on model:
"21' WL of 1894 (No. 442, 443, 444, 445, 447 28' 446 ALERION 2 scale)
1895 (28' WL 453 VAQUERO 15" scale ________ 12" scale, 454 LAGODA 19' 6", No. 457 OSPREY 15' 7" WL,
1896 458 27' WL, 478 15'7" WL 1/2 RATER" (Source: Original handwritten annotation on model. Undated.)

Model Description:
"#442 Houri, 21' lwl fin-keel sloop of 1894. Also used for #443 Adelaide, #444 Vaquero, #445 Dorothy, #447 Ceila, and with scale change for #446 Alerion, 28' lwl of 1894, #453 Vaquero II, 26' lwl of 1895, #495 Lagofa, 19'6" lwl of 1895, #457 Osprey, 14'5" lwl of 1895, #458 Mist, 27' lwl of 1895, and #478, 14'5" lwl half-rater of 1896." (Source: Bray, Maynard. 2004.)

Related model(s):
Model 1109 by NGH? (1897?); sail, not built
{?}: Fin Keel???

Note: Vessels that appear in the records as not built, a cancelled contract, a study model, or as a model sailboat are listed but not counted in the list of vessels built from a model.


Nathanael G. Herreshoff

"[1894-04-23] Mon 23: Mr. Iselin here & ordered 21' fin keeler #443 [Adelaide].
[1894-05-11] Fri 11: Mr. Iselin here [apparently to inspect his new 21' fin keeler #443s Adelaide].
[1894-06-04] Mon 4: Launched #443 (21' for Mr. Iselin) [Adelaide].
[1894-06-12] Tue 12: #443 [Adelaide] left in charge of W. P. Douglas's sailing master.
[1894-08-11] Sat 11: Four 21-footers here to overhaul [probably #442s Houri, #443s Adelaide, #444s Vaquero I and #445s Dorothy].
[1894-08-15] Wed 15: Four 21-footers left for Newport [probably #442s Houri, #443s Adelaide, #444s Vaquero I and #445s Dorothy].
[1894-08-20] Mon 20: Went to Newport on Alerion [#446s] to see 21' race.
[1894-08-21] Tue 21: Went to Newport on Alerion [#446s] to see 21' race." (Source: Herreshoff, Nathanael G. Diary, 1894. Manuscript (excerpts). Mystic Seaport Museum Collection. Manuscripts Division, call number VFM 1555.)

Other Contemporary Text Source(s)

"... BRISTOL, R.I., May 23 [1894]. --- The Herreshoff shops have started up, after quite a shutdown, and a good force of men is busy in finishing the three twenty-one-footers so far ordered for the Larchmont's new class. Mr. C. Oliver Iselin's boat [Adelaide #443s] is about ready for a trial. She is a fin keel of 21 feet water line, 31 feet over all, 6 1/2 feet beam, and 5 feet draft, with Tobin bronze fin and balance rudder. She will carry the full 600 feet of sail allowed by the class rules and will have about 2,500 pounds of lead on her fin. She is lightly yet strongly built, with oak frames and single planking of white cedar. She has an open cockpit. Her topsides are white, deck bright, and bottom green. The other boats are for F. W. Butler Duncan, Jr. [#442s Houri], and Herman B. Duryea [#444s Vaquero I], and are like Mr. Iselin's. They are well along. ..." (Source: Anon. "The Twenty-One-Footers. Herreshoff Shops Opened to Complete the New Yachts for Larchmont." New York Times, May 24, 1894, p. 3.)

"The Herreshoff Manufacturing Co., launched the first 21 ft yacht built by them for the Larchmont Yacht Club, on Monday [May 28, 1894] last, leaving one more in process of construction. The boat was built for W. Butler Duncan and is a fin keeler, constructed of yellow pine, is a substantial looking little craft and has a racy look from stem to stern. The fin is of Tobin bronze metal, with a bulb of lead attached to the lowest point. Her name is the Honira [sic, i.e. #442s Houri].
In a short time the second one [#443s Adelaide] now building for C. Oliver Islin, will be launched and the others will follow. All these boats will measure 21 ft water line, 31 ft over all and will carry a mainsail, jib, and spinaker." (Source: Anon. "Yachts and Yachting." Bristol Phoenix, June 2, 1894, p. 2.)

"PROVIDENCE, R I, June 5 [1894] --- C. Oliver Iselin's new 21-footer, which was launched yesterday, bids fair to outshine anything in this class which the Herreshoffs have put out from their yards at Bristol. It is the second of this particular style and class, and she is the same dimensions as the Houira [sic, i.e. #442s Houri].
No name has been given the Iselin boat but it is stated that Miss Hope Goddard who will become Mrs Iselin next Saturday, will have the honor of naming the flyer.
The new one showed great speed about Bristol bay today in her trial spin under the guidance of Nat Herreshoff, and the prediction is made by her owner that she will out foot everything she runs across this season, here or abroad.
Her first race will be had at the Larchmont yacht club, New York, on Saturday but owing to the wedding of yachtsman Iselin the owner will not be aboard. A third 21-footer will come off the ways at Herreshoff's tomorrow." (Source: Anon. "Iselin's New 21-Footer. Trial Spin Leads to the Opinion That She Will Beat All in Her Class." New York Times, June 6, 1894, p. 4.)

"... The second of the twenty-one-foot water-line racers was launched from the Herreshoff dock at Bristol yesterday. She resembles W. Butler Duncan's Houri and is sloop-rigged, with a sail area of 600 square feet. She is 31 feet over all, 21 feet water line, and 8 feet draught, including: fin. ... [Though not named, the launching date indicates this fin keel to have been #443s Adelaide.]" (Source: Anon. "Yachting Odds and Ends." New York Times, June 6, 1894, p. 7.)

"NEWPORT, R. I., Aug. 16 [1894]. --- The twenty-one-footers are nearly all ready for the Corinthian Yacht Club's race, which is scheduled tor Saturday. The prize is a silver cup valued at $300, and the race is being managed by Mr. August Belmont. Four of the boats have been at the Herreshoff yards at Bristol for more than a week, having some slight changes made and being thoroughly overhauled.
W. P. Douglas's Adelaide has had an extension of nine inches placed on her fin. Her hull has been smoothed and is now painted blue. She was formerly white. Her sails, too, have been recut and her rigging has been thoroughly overhauled. ..." (Source: Anon. "Twenty-One-Footers To Race. Four Have Been Overhauled at Herreshoff's for Tomorrow's Event. " New York Times, August 17, 1894, p. 6.)

"Gordon Bennett Douglas's fin-keel sloop Adelaide, which has been out of commission for the past three years, has been thoroughly overhauled and repainted and launched from the Woods yard to-day. The Adelaide was the first of Herreshoffs' fin-keel boats, and was built for C. Oliver Iselin a number of years ago." (Source: Anon. "City Island Yacht News." New York Times, July 3, 1900, p. 8.)

"... In the Larchmont Yacht Club 21-foot one-design class the racing was particularly interesting, as all four boats took part in about 12 races. This class was built by Herreshoff several years ago, and has raced consistently each season since. Dorothy [#445s] won the class honors for the past season with 6 firsts, 3 seconds, and 1 third, and was disabled twice. Vaquero II [sic, i.e. Vaquero I #444s] took second place with 3 firsts, 4 seconds and 4 thirds. Houri [#442s] beat Adelaide [#443s] for third place, having 3 firsts, 2 seconds and 3 thirds. ..." (Source: Granberry, G. P. "Yacht Racing Association of Long Island Sound." Rudder, May 1905, p. 343.)

"The 'Newport thirties' mentioned under one-design classes, were originally started as a restricted class, but the Herreshoff boats which were all alike proved so much superior to the others that the latter soon dropped out and it became to all intents and purposes simply a one-design class; the same thing applies to the 'Larchmont twenty-ones,' originally a very large class built a few years before the thirties, and four Herreshoff members of which are still racing, but for about the last ten years as one-design boats." (Source: Hoyt, C. Sherman. "The Professional and the Amateur in Yacht Racing." Outing Magazine, September 1907, p. 755.)

"... One of the oldest of the one-design classes, the Larchmont 21-footers of 1894, open fin-keel sloops, had four survivors; Dorothy, Houri, Vaquera and Follette; this class has shown a wonderful vitality, the hulls lasting well and retaining their popularity. ..." (Source: Anon. [Title?] Power Boating, vol. 3, 1907, [p. 33?].)

"The fin keelers reached their zenith in the so-called Newport thirties. Members of the fashionable Newport colony had a one design class of these boats built from mahogany, thirty feet long on the waterline, in 1896 by the Herreshoff Mfg. Co. and for many years after this class gave excellent racing. The Vaquero III [#468s] owned and sailed by Herman Duryea was the champion in this class.
The year before, in 1895 [sic, i.e. 1894], members of the Larchmont Yacht Club had a class of 21 footers, that were the prototype of [the Newport 30] class, built by the Herreshoffs.
These boats were 21 feet long on the water, 30 feet on deck, 6ft 6ins wide and drew 5ft 3 inches [and] were named Vaquero [#444s], Celia [#447s], Houri [#442s] and Adelaide [#443s]." (Source: Davis, Charles G. "Recollections of Boats and Boatbuilders about New York. 1884 to 1914." Handwritten manuscript in the Collection of Mystic Seaport Museum. No date (1920s), p. 40.)


1912 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#1053)
Name; Former Name(s): Follette; Adelaide
Owner: Leon J. Garcey; Port: Larchmont, N.Y.
Building Material Wood; Type & Rig BF [Bulb Fin], HD [Half Deck], Slp
LOA 30-0; LWL 21-0; Extr. Beam 6-6; Draught 5-3
Sailmaker HmCo.; Sails made in [19]05; Sail Area 600
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1894

1914 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#1073)
Name; Former Name(s): Follette; Adelaide
Owner: Leon J. Garcey; Port: Larchmont, N.Y.
Building Material Wood; Type & Rig BF [Bulb Fin], HD [Half Deck], Slp
LOA 30-0; LWL 21-0; Extr. Beam 6-6; Draught 5-3
Sailmaker HmCo.; Sails made in [19]05; Sail Area 600
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1894

Source: Various Yacht Lists and Registers. For complete biographical information see the Herreshoff Catalogue Raisonné under Data Sources. Note that this section shows only snapshots in time and should not be considered a provenance, although it can help creating one.


From the 1920 and earlier HMCo Index Cards at the MIT Museum
  • Note: The vessel index cards comprise two sets of a total of some 3200 cards about vessels built by HMCo, with dimensions and information regarding drawings, later or former vessel names, and owners. They were compiled from HMCo's early days until 1920 and added to in later decades, apparently by Hart Nautical curator William A. Baker and his successors. While HMCo seems to have used only one set of index cards, all sorted by name and, where no name was available, by number, later users at MIT apparently divided them into two sets of cards, one sorted by vessel name, the other by vessel number and greatly expanded the number of cards. Original HMCo cards are usually lined and almost always punched with a hole at bottom center while later cards usually have no hole, are unlined, and often carry substantially less information. All cards are held by the Francis Russell Hart Nautical Collections of the MIT Museum in Cambridge, Mass.
From the 1931 HMCo-published Owner's List

Name: Adelaide
Type: J & M
Length: 21'
Owner: Iselin, C. O.

Source: Herreshoff Manufacturing Company. "A Partial List of Herreshoff Clients." In: Herreshoff Manufacturing Company. Herreshoff Yachts. Bristol, Rhode Island, ca. 1931.

From the 1930s L. Francis Herreshoff Index Cards at the Herreshoff Marine Museum
  • Note: The L. Francis Herreshoff index cards comprise a set of some 1200 cards about vessels built by HMCo, with dimensions and / or ownership information. Apparently compiled in the early 1930s, for later HMCo-built boats like the Fishers Island 23s or the Northeast Harbor 30s are not included. Added to in later decades, apparently by L. F. Herreshoff as well as his long-time secretary Muriel Vaughn and others. Also 46 cards of L. F. Herreshoff-designed vessels. The original set of index cards is held by the Herreshoff Marine Museum and permission to display is gratefully acknowledged.
From the 1953 HMCo Owner's List by L. Francis Herreshoff

Name: Adelaide
Type: 21' fin keeler
Owner: C. O. Iselin
Year: 1894
Row No.: 4

Source: Herreshoff, L. Francis. "Partial List of Herreshoff-Built Boats." In: Herreshoff, L. Francis. Capt. Nat Herreshoff. The Wizard of Bristol. New York, 1953, p. 325-343.

Link to the Herreshoff Registry

The Herreshoff Registry can be particularly useful for researching the provenance of Herreshoff-built sailing vessels. Permission to link to the Registry is gratefully acknowledged!

Research Note(s)

"LOA 31ft." (Source: Anon. "The Twenty-One-Footers. Herreshoff Shops Opened to Complete the New Yachts for Larchmont." New York Times, May 24, 1894, p. 3.)

"Owned by L. J. Garcey as Follette in 1910 as per L. F. Herreshoff index card at Herreshoff Marine Museum." (Source: van der Linde, Claas. March 27, 2011.)

"Plan 75-37 shows that the Larchmont 21s carried two different sail plans, one with 500 square feet, the other with 600 square feet." (Source: van der Linde, Claas. April 16, 2013.)

"Built in 48 days (contract to launch; equivalent to $27/day)." (Source: van der Linde, Claas. January 1, 2018.)

Note: Research notes contain information about a vessel that is often random and unedited but has been deemed useful for future research.


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Citation: HMCo #443s Adelaide. Herreshoff Catalogue Raisonné.