HMCo #447s Celia



Construction_Record_Title.jpgName: Celia
Type: Larchmont One-Design Fin Keel
Designed by: NGH
Contract: 1894-6-27
Launch: 1894-7-12
Construction: Wood
LOA: 31' (9.45m)
LWL: 21' (6.40m)
Beam: 6' 2" (1.88m)
Draft: 5' 4" (1.63m)
Construction Class and Number: #442-5
Rig: Gaff Sloop
Sail Area: 600sq ft (55.7sq m)
Keel: FK
Ballast: Lead
Built for: Gould, Charles A.
Amount: $1,400.00
Note(s) in HMCo Construction Record: Moulds #442
Last reported: 1906 (aged 12)

Note(s): Vessel information is primarily but not exclusively from the HMCo Construction Record. Supplementary information when not cited here usually appears elsewhere in this record with a complete citation.
"[Sail area 600sq ft.]" (Source: Anon. "The Houri A Fast One." New York Times, June 2, 1894, p. 3.=


Model #6

Model number: 6
Model location: H.M.M. Model Room East Wall

Vessels from this model:
12 built, modeled by NGH
#442s Houri (1894)
#443s Adelaide (1894)
#444s Vaquero I (1894)
#445s Dorothy (1894)
#446s Alerion II (1894)
#447s Celia (1894)
#453s Vaquero II (1895)
#454s Lagofa (1895)
#457s Osprey (1895)
#458s Mist (1895)
#478s [Half-rater for A. J. Drexel] (1896)
#496s Spook (1898)

Original text on model:
"21' WL of 1894 (No. 442, 443, 444, 445, 447 28' 446 ALERION 2 scale)
1895 (28' WL 453 VAQUERO 15" scale ________ 12" scale, 454 LAGODA 19' 6", No. 457 OSPREY 15' 7" WL,
1896 458 27' WL, 478 15'7" WL 1/2 RATER" (Source: Original handwritten annotation on model. Undated.)

Model Description:
"#442 Houri, 21' lwl fin-keel sloop of 1894. Also used for #443 Adelaide, #444 Vaquero, #445 Dorothy, #447 Ceila, and with scale change for #446 Alerion, 28' lwl of 1894, #453 Vaquero II, 26' lwl of 1895, #495 Lagofa, 19'6" lwl of 1895, #457 Osprey, 14'5" lwl of 1895, #458 Mist, 27' lwl of 1895, and #478, 14'5" lwl half-rater of 1896." (Source: Bray, Maynard. 2004.)

Related model(s):
Model 1109 by NGH? (1897?); sail, not built
{?}: Fin Keel???

Note: Vessels that appear in the records as not built, a cancelled contract, a study model, or as a model sailboat are listed but not counted in the list of vessels built from a model.


Other Contemporary Text Source(s)

"The Herreshoff boat works are finishing another 21 feet boat for C. W. Gould, of the Gould Coupling Co., New York. She is 21 feet water line, 31 feet over all, 6 feet beam and 5 1/2 feet draught. Her hull is of clear mahogany, and has the same keel attachments of the other boats of her size." (Source: Anon. "Home News." Bristol Phoenix, July 14, 1894, p. 2.)

"BRISTOL, July 12 [1894] --- The fifth of the 21-footers was launched today about 2.30 p m, from the yards of the Herreshoff manufacturing company. She is of the semi-knockabout type of boat, and will be raced this season at Larchmont. She was built for Charles A. Gould of New York.
Mr Gould was represented at the launching by his brother, William E. Gould, who was very enthusiastic over his brother's handsome racer. She was named Celia. She was rigged and had her sails bent immediately after being launched, and will have a trial trip tomorrow." (Source: Anon. "Herreshoff 21-Footer. Fifth launched at Bristol for Charles A. Gould of New York." Boston Globe, July 13, 1893, p. 5.)

"PROVIDENCE, R. I., July 13 [1894] --- Another of the 21-footers was launched yesterday [July 12, 1894] from the yards of the Herreshoff Company in Bristol. She was named Celia, and was rigged and had her sails bent immediately after being launched.
The Celia left for New York in tow about 5 o'clock this morning. The Celia is a pretty little craft, and was built for C. A. Gould of New York, and is as trim and fine as any that the firm have turned out, although it took but sixteen days to build her. Like the 21-footer [#445s Dorothy] built for ex-Secretary of the Navy Whitney, the Celia is planked with mahogany. She had a bit of a trial spin yesterday afternoon, just to stretch her sails.
There was a a stiff wind blowing from the west and the white caps were visible in Mount Hope and at the mouth of Bristol harbor. The little craft sped away from the Herreshoff dock like an arrow. She didn't stay out long, for it required but a brief spell in the breeze to get the wrinkles out of the new canvas. In fact, it was said that the sails got more of a stretching than was bargained for.
The dimensions of the Celia are almost identical with those of the former 21-footers. In fact, she might have been constructed from the same mould, yet there there is no telling how different boats built on the same model and carrying the same sail will turn out in relation to each other.
The contests of the 21-footers have been watched with interest in Bristol, and the Herreshoffs are well pleased with the work of their boats. ... The Herreshoff boats are sea boats, built for weather, and weigh several hundred pounds more than the lake boat [Minnetonka]. They are constructed so as to be able to carry their 600 square feet of sail in almost any kind of weather." (Source: Anon. "Mr. Gould's New 21-Footer. The Fifth of the Little Yachts Built by the Herreshoffs on Her Way Here." New York Sun, July 14, 1894, p. 5.)

"... Commodore Pryer of the Corinthian-Mosquito fleet offered a handsome silver cup for the 21-footers to race for yesterday, and, incidentally, to give the New-Rochellites a chance to see a good race between this new racing class. The yachtsmen who own these boats appreciated Commodore Pryer's offer so much that eight started in the contest for the cup, and of this number two made their first appearance in a race. These were H. P. Whitney's Dorothy [#445s] and Charles A. Gould's Celia [#447s]. Both of these boats are Herreshoff creations. ... The Celia only left the yards at Bristol early in the week, and it was hardly expected that she would win. She sailed over the entire course, though, without a mishap, which is saying a good deal for a boat in this class. ... " (Source: Anon. "Houri Won The Pryer Cup Beat The Vaquero Twenty-Three Seconds Yesterday." New York Times, July 15, 1894, p. 3.)

"The 'Newport thirties' mentioned under one-design classes, were originally started as a restricted class, but the Herreshoff boats which were all alike proved so much superior to the others that the latter soon dropped out and it became to all intents and purposes simply a one-design class; the same thing applies to the 'Larchmont twenty-ones,' originally a very large class built a few years before the thirties, and four Herreshoff members of which are still racing, but for about the last ten years as one-design boats." (Source: Hoyt, C. Sherman. "The Professional and the Amateur in Yacht Racing." Outing Magazine, September 1907, p. 755.)

"The fin keelers reached their zenith in the so-called Newport thirties. Members of the fashionable Newport colony had a one design class of these boats built from mahogany, thirty feet long on the waterline, in 1896 by the Herreshoff Mfg. Co. and for many years after this class gave excellent racing. The Vaquero III [#468s] owned and sailed by Herman Duryea was the champion in this class.
The year before, in 1895 [sic, i.e. 1894], members of the Larchmont Yacht Club had a class of 21 footers, that were the prototype of [the Newport 30] class, built by the Herreshoffs.
These boats were 21 feet long on the water, 30 feet on deck, 6ft 6ins wide and drew 5ft 3 inches [and] were named Vaquero [#444s], Celia [#447s], Houri [#442s] and Adelaide [#443s]." (Source: Davis, Charles G. "Recollections of Boats and Boatbuilders about New York. 1884 to 1914." Handwritten manuscript in the Collection of Mystic Seaport Museum. No date (1920s), p. 40.)



1903 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#282)
Name: Celia
Owner: C. A. Gould; Port: New York
Building Material Wood; Type & Rig K[eel] J[ib] & M[ainsail]
LOA 31.0; LWL 21.0; Extr. Beam 6.3; Draught 5.5

1905 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#297)
Name: Celia
Owner: C. A. Gould; Port: New York
Building Material Wood; Type & Rig Fin Sloop
LOA 31.0; LWL 21.0; Extr. Beam 6.3; Draught 5.5
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1894

1906 Lloyd's Register of American Yachts (#492)
Name: Celia
Owner: C. A. Gould; Port: New York
Building Material Wood; Type & Rig BF [Bulb Fin], HD [Half Deck], Slp
LOA 31-0; LWL 21-0; Extr. Beam 6-4; Draught 5-6
Builder Herreshoff Mfg. Co.; Designer N. G. Herreshoff; Built where Bristol, R.I.; Built when 1894

Source: Various Yacht Lists and Registers. For complete biographical information see the Herreshoff Catalogue Raisonné under Data Sources. Note that this section shows only snapshots in time and should not be considered a provenance, although it can help creating one.


From the 1920 and earlier HMCo Index Cards at the MIT Museum
  • Note: The vessel index cards comprise two sets of a total of some 3200 cards about vessels built by HMCo, with dimensions and information regarding drawings, later or former vessel names, and owners. They were compiled from HMCo's early days until 1920 and added to in later decades, apparently by Hart Nautical curator William A. Baker and his successors. While HMCo seems to have used only one set of index cards, all sorted by name and, where no name was available, by number, later users at MIT apparently divided them into two sets of cards, one sorted by vessel name, the other by vessel number and greatly expanded the number of cards. Original HMCo cards are usually lined and almost always punched with a hole at bottom center while later cards usually have no hole, are unlined, and often carry substantially less information. All cards are held by the Francis Russell Hart Nautical Collections of the MIT Museum in Cambridge, Mass.
From the 1931 HMCo-published Owner's List

Name: Celia
Type: J & M
Length: 21'
Owner: Gould, C. A.

Source: Herreshoff Manufacturing Company. "A Partial List of Herreshoff Clients." In: Herreshoff Manufacturing Company. Herreshoff Yachts. Bristol, Rhode Island, ca. 1931.

From the 1930s L. Francis Herreshoff Index Cards at the Herreshoff Marine Museum
  • Note: The L. Francis Herreshoff index cards comprise a set of some 1200 cards about vessels built by HMCo, with dimensions and / or ownership information. Apparently compiled in the early 1930s, for later HMCo-built boats like the Fishers Island 23s or the Northeast Harbor 30s are not included. Added to in later decades, apparently by L. F. Herreshoff as well as his long-time secretary Muriel Vaughn and others. Also 46 cards of L. F. Herreshoff-designed vessels. The original set of index cards is held by the Herreshoff Marine Museum and permission to display is gratefully acknowledged.
From the 1953 HMCo Owner's List by L. Francis Herreshoff

Name: Celia
Type: 21' fin keel sloop
Owner: C. A. Gould
Year: 1894
Row No.: 109

Source: Herreshoff, L. Francis. "Partial List of Herreshoff-Built Boats." In: Herreshoff, L. Francis. Capt. Nat Herreshoff. The Wizard of Bristol. New York, 1953, p. 325-343.

From the 2000 (ca.) Transcription of the HMCo Construction Record by Vermilya/Bray

Month: June
Day: 27
Year: 1894
E/P/S: S
No.: 0447
Name: Celia
LW: 21'
B: 6' 2"
D: 5' 4"
Rig: J & M
Ballast: Lead
Amount: $1400.00
Notes Constr. Record: Moulds 442
Last Name: Gould
First Name: C. A.

Source: Vermilya, Peter and Maynard Bray. "Transcription of the HMCo. Construction Record." Unpublished database, ca. 2000.

Note: The transcription of the HMCo Construction Record by Peter Vermilya and Maynard Bray was performed independently (and earlier) than that by Claas van der Linde. A comparison of the two transcriptions can be particularly useful in those many cases where the handwriting in the Construction Record is difficult to decipher.

Link to the Herreshoff Registry

The Herreshoff Registry can be particularly useful for researching the provenance of Herreshoff-built sailing vessels. Permission to link to the Registry is gratefully acknowledged!

Research Note(s)

"LOA 31ft." (Source: Anon. "The Twenty-One-Footers. Herreshoff Shops Opened to Complete the New Yachts for Larchmont." New York Times, May 24, 1894, p. 3.)

"Plan 75-37 shows that the Larchmont 21s carried two different sail plans, one with 500 square feet, the other with 600 square feet." (Source: van der Linde, Claas. April 16, 2013.)

"Built in 15 days (contract to launch; equivalent to $93/day)." (Source: van der Linde, Claas. January 1, 2018.)

Note: Research notes contain information about a vessel that is often random and unedited but has been deemed useful for future research.


We are always interested in learning more about this vessel. If you want to discuss it or can share any additional information or images or to discuss a copyright concern, please do not hesitate to send an Email to the link below!

Herreshoff Catalogue Raisonné.
All rights reserved. No reproduction, adaptation, or distribution of any part of this document or any information contained herein by any means whatsoever is permitted without prior written permission. For the full terms of copyright for this document please click here. Last revision 2018-01-01.
© 2018,

Citation: HMCo #447s Celia. Herreshoff Catalogue Raisonné.