HMCo #453s Vaquero II



Construction_Record_Title.jpgName: Vaquero II
Type: Two-and-a-half Rater Fin Keel
Designed by: NGH
Contract: 1895-4-6
Launch: 1895-6-6
Construction: Wood
LWL: 26' (7.92m)
Beam: 7' 8" (2.34m)
Draft: 6' 8" (2.03m)
Rig: Gaff Cutter
Keel: FK
Ballast: Lead
Built for: Duryea, Herman B.
Amount: N/A
Note(s) in HMCo Construction Record: 1-Rater. New moulds reduced from #453.

Note(s): Vessel information is primarily but not exclusively from the HMCo Construction Record. Supplementary information when not cited here usually appears elsewhere in this record with a complete citation.


Model #6

Model number: 6
Model location: H.M.M. Model Room East Wall

Vessels from this model:
12 built, modeled by NGH
#442s Houri (1894)
#443s Adelaide (1894)
#444s Vaquero I (1894)
#445s Dorothy (1894)
#446s Alerion II (1894)
#447s Celia (1894)
#453s Vaquero II (1895)
#454s Lagofa (1895)
#457s Osprey (1895)
#458s Mist (1895)
#478s [Half-rater for A. J. Drexel] (1896)
#496s Spook (1898)

Original text on model:
"21' WL of 1894 (No. 442, 443, 444, 445, 447 28' 446 ALERION 2 scale)
1895 (28' WL 453 VAQUERO 15" scale ________ 12" scale, 454 LAGODA 19' 6", No. 457 OSPREY 15' 7" WL,
1896 458 27' WL, 478 15'7" WL 1/2 RATER" (Source: Original handwritten annotation on model. Undated.)

Model Description:
"#442 Houri, 21' lwl fin-keel sloop of 1894. Also used for #443 Adelaide, #444 Vaquero, #445 Dorothy, #447 Ceila, and with scale change for #446 Alerion, 28' lwl of 1894, #453 Vaquero II, 26' lwl of 1895, #495 Lagofa, 19'6" lwl of 1895, #457 Osprey, 14'5" lwl of 1895, #458 Mist, 27' lwl of 1895, and #478, 14'5" lwl half-rater of 1896." (Source: Bray, Maynard. 2004.)

Related model(s):
Model 1109 by NGH? (1897?); sail, not built
{?}: Fin Keel???

Note: Vessels that appear in the records as not built, a cancelled contract, a study model, or as a model sailboat are listed but not counted in the list of vessels built from a model.


Offset booklet number(s): HH.4.93

Offset booklet contents:
#453, #454, #458, #463 [sloops Vaquero II, Lagofa, Mist, Asahi].

Source: Hasselbalch, Kurt with Frances Overcash and Angela Reddin. Guide to The Haffenreffer-Herreshoff Collection. Francis Russell Hart Nautical Collections, MIT Museum, Cambridge, Mass., 1997, p. 32-43.

Raw Offset Info Database Entry

Microfilm Reel No. (Hart Nautical Offset Info): HAFH.4.5B
Box No. (Hart Nautical Offset Info): HAFH.4.5B
Acc. No. (Hart Nautical Offset Info): HH.4.93
Vessel Descr. (Hart Nautical Offset Info): #453, #454, #458, #463 [sloops Vaquero II, Lagofa, Mist, Asahi]


Nathanael G. Herreshoff

"[1896-10-01] Thu 1: Hauled out 30-footers Puck [#465s], Vaquero [#444s] & Vaquero II [#453s]. ..." (Source: Herreshoff, Nathanael G. Diary, 1896. Manuscript (excerpts). Mystic Seaport Museum Collection. Manuscripts Division, call number VFM 1555.)

L. Francis Herreshoff

"... because lately there has been rather a revival of interest in fin keelers I will say something about one of the last of Captain Nat's boats of this type. She was 'Vaquero II,' built for Herman P. Duryea, one of our best amateur helmsmen in the eighteen-nineties, who took her to England and raced with fair success. 'Vaquero II' was built in 1895, was thirty-nine feet O.A., twenty-six W.L. In some ways she would appear very modern with her small sail area and forestay inboard. Mr. Duryea thought a lot of this 'Vaquero' and after her return from abroad she was stored at the Herreshoff Manufacturing Company for about a quarter of a century." (Source: Herreshoff, L. Francis. "N. G. Herreshoff and Some of the Yachts He Designed." Rudder, April 1950, p. 30. Also in: Herreshoff, L. Francis. The Wizard of Bristol. The Life and Achievements of Nathanael Greene Herreshoff, together with An Account of Some of the Yachts he Designed. New York, 1953, p. 197.)

Other Contemporary Text Source(s)

"The 2 1/2 rater Vaquero, built for H. B. Duryea of New York, was launched at high water yesterday [June 6, 1895] morning from the Herreshoff works. She was rigged and given a trial trip in the harbor in the afternoon, Capt. Nat Herreshoff at the tiller. She showed good speed, and will race In English waters this season." (Source: Anon. "Bristol and Vicinity." Bristol Phoenix, June 7, 1895, p. 2.)

"Providence, R. I., June 7 [1895] --- The new two and a half rater Vanquero [sic, i.e. Vaquero], which was built for Herman Duryea of the New York Yacht club, was launched from Herreshoff's yard at Bristol yesterday [June 6, 1895] and was subsequently given a trial trip in which she behaved well. Vanqeoro resembles the 21 footers of last year, only she is larger. Her principal dimensions are 36 foot over all, 25 feet water line, 7 feet draught and 7 feet 4 inches beam. Vanquero will have a number of other trial spins and then will be shipped to Europe to be pitted against a Watson rater of the same class. She is nearly a reproduction of the boat of the same name [#444s Vaquero I] built for Mr. Duryea by the Herreshoffs a year ago. The hull is of mahogany and the roomy cockpit is of hard wood. Attached to the hull is a new type of fin of tobin bronze having a lead bulb of about 3.800 pounds weight fastened to its under side. The yacht will carry a mainsail and stay sail, the cloths running from the luff to the leach the same as on the Niagara [#451s] and Isolde [#450s]. The great speed shown in the trial spin encourages the builders to believe that she will give a better account of herself than has Niagara thus far. With the Vaquero, Niagara, Isolde and Dakotah [#440s] in European waters there will be quite a representative Herreshoff fleet participating in the English and continental races." (Source: Anon. "Vaquero Second Launched. Her Trial Trip Was Satisfactory. To Go to Europe." Brooklyn Daily Eagle, June 7, 1895, p. 11.)

"Bristol, June 8, [1895] --- ... The two and one-half-rater Vaquero, for Herman B. Duryea of New-York for use at Southampton, has been showing up well in her trials. She was started for New-York to-day in tow of the steamer yacht Viva [ex-Gov. Hamilton #102p]. John B. Herreshoff and his wife were passengers on the Viva. ..." (Source: Anon. "Peep at the Defender." New York Times, June 9, 1895, p. 6.)

"The Vaquero, two and a-half rater, is an American boat designed by Mr. Herreshoff, and was a distinguished racer in the Solent and neighbourhood under the old rating rule in the sailing-matches of 1895. It will be observed that this boat has a gaff main-sail, the chief peculiarity of which, as also of the fore-sail, is that both sails are made with the seams crosswise (an American style); the object being, probably, to ensure their standing flatter than if made the usual way; but it is very doubtful if any satisfactory advantage is thereby gained. [Judging from the accompanying photo this is a reference to Vaquero II.]" (Source: Folkard, Henry Coleman. The Sailing Boat. Sixth ed. London, 1906, p. 198.)



From the 1920 and earlier HMCo Index Cards at the MIT Museum
  • Note: The vessel index cards comprise two sets of a total of some 3200 cards about vessels built by HMCo, with dimensions and information regarding drawings, later or former vessel names, and owners. They were compiled from HMCo's early days until 1920 and added to in later decades, apparently by Hart Nautical curator William A. Baker and his successors. While HMCo seems to have used only one set of index cards, all sorted by name and, where no name was available, by number, later users at MIT apparently divided them into two sets of cards, one sorted by vessel name, the other by vessel number and greatly expanded the number of cards. Original HMCo cards are usually lined and almost always punched with a hole at bottom center while later cards usually have no hole, are unlined, and often carry substantially less information. All cards are held by the Francis Russell Hart Nautical Collections of the MIT Museum in Cambridge, Mass.
From the 1931 HMCo-published Owner's List

Name: Vaquero II
Type: Cutter
Length: 26'
Owner: Duryea, H. B.

Source: Herreshoff Manufacturing Company. "A Partial List of Herreshoff Clients." In: Herreshoff Manufacturing Company. Herreshoff Yachts. Bristol, Rhode Island, ca. 1931.

From the 2000 (ca.) Transcription of the HMCo Construction Record by Vermilya/Bray

Month: Apr
Day: 6
Year: 1895
E/P/S: S
No.: 0453
Name: Vaquero II
LW: 26'
B: 7' 8"
D: 6' 8"
Rig: Cutter
Ballast: Lead
Notes Constr. Record: 1-rater; new moulds reduced from 453?
Last Name: Duryea
First Name: H. B.

Source: Vermilya, Peter and Maynard Bray. "Transcription of the HMCo. Construction Record." Unpublished database, ca. 2000.

Note: The transcription of the HMCo Construction Record by Peter Vermilya and Maynard Bray was performed independently (and earlier) than that by Claas van der Linde. A comparison of the two transcriptions can be particularly useful in those many cases where the handwriting in the Construction Record is difficult to decipher.

Link to the Herreshoff Registry

The Herreshoff Registry can be particularly useful for researching the provenance of Herreshoff-built sailing vessels. Permission to link to the Registry is gratefully acknowledged!

Research Note(s)

"Exported to England." (Source: van der Linde, Claas. May 2, 2008.)

"Built in 61 days (contract to launch)." (Source: van der Linde, Claas. January 1, 2018.)

Note: Research notes contain information about a vessel that is often random and unedited but has been deemed useful for future research.


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Herreshoff Catalogue Raisonné.
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Citation: HMCo #453s Vaquero II. Herreshoff Catalogue Raisonné.